Injuries in bodybuilding are a fairly common occurrence that almost every athlete faces over the years of training. Permanent and necessarily heavy physical. loads simply cannot do without at least minor damage.
In addition, bodybuilding injuries are unpredictable, which makes them even more dangerous. It is impossible to know in advance when and under what circumstances a bruise, sprain, or, say, a fracture will be obtained. In theory, even a minor oversight in the technique of performing the exercise or carelessness when handling equipment can result in serious health consequences and, as a consequence, career.
Injuries for bodybuilders, in fact, are that unexpected factor that can cancel out the results of the training sessions and discourage any desire to continue working hard as well. With so much effort and spending so much resources, everyone can “freak out” if faced with complex damage. Amateur and even more professional sports know a great many similar stories.
Of course, you may be led, and, perhaps, you will be among the lucky ones who have never dealt with anything heavier than bruises during their career. But the chances are slim. And we would not advise taking risks when there is so much at stake.
Therefore, if you want frequent injuries in bodybuilding to become less of an anxiety for you, it is better not to rely on chance, but to act consciously: study information on the treatment of injuries, observe safety precautions and approach each exercise performed responsibly, even if it is simple aerobics.
Causes of Injuries in Bodybuilding
In fact, there are many reasons why or because of which you can get injured during training. All of them, objectively, do not take into account, but we will try to tell you about the most frequent of them.
So, perhaps the most common cause of injury in bodybuilders is non-adherence to exercise technique. This usually happens due to banal carelessness, less often due to the athlete’s weak base, when he simply does not know how this or that exercise should be performed. As a result, we get a natural result: in the beginning – discomfort during exertion, and then, if the violations are serious, – bruises, sprains, dislocations or even fractures.
Therefore, do not hesitate to ask more experienced colleagues and trainers for advice, and to control your movements with a mirror.
But not all the causes of injuries in bodybuilding depend on the athlete himself. In particular, we are talking about cases where damage is obtained due to non-compliance with the rules for the use of equipment and the behavior of other users of the gym. This item includes uncleaned equipment that you can easily stumble over, not properly secured barbell discs, excessive noise that interferes with normal concentration during exercise, and other third-party factors.
Of course, the main causes of injury among bodybuilders are not without mistakes made in preparation for training. Buying cheap equipment that causes discomfort or even neglecting the necessary items of equipment, you expose yourself to the potential risk of injury. When doing weighted squats, deadlifts, heavy presses and jerks, use a belt, wristbands, and elastic bands.
This can also include good or bad, but uncomfortable shoes for you. The inability to fix the foot can lead to stretching, and if you fall, you can generally get a fracture or injure the joints.
The causes of injury in bodybuilding can also be hidden in an incorrectly designed workout program. A striking example is the lack of a full-fledged warm-up. When exercises are performed on poorly warmed muscles, not only the chances of injury increase, but also the time required for recovery increases. This item also implies work with overweight and, in general, physical activity that is inappropriate to the existing physical form of the athlete (too frequent and intense training is usually accompanied by injuries, psychological problems and overtraining). Don’t overestimate your capabilities!
Last but not least, bodybuilder injuries are due to lack of medical supervision and work without insurance. Third-party help never hurts, especially when it comes to a high-level athlete. If we talk about medical control, then everything is simple here: you may not even suspect about the presence of violations that contribute to traumatization, and they will exist and threaten your health.
Most Common Injuries in Bodybuilding
First of all, it is necessary to emphasize that what will be discussed here is exactly what about injuries. We will not talk about post-workout pain, often mistaken by beginners for injury symptoms. The causes of muscle pain are the training itself. There is no escape from them, but they do not pose a threat either. In the first couples, the pain can be especially noticeable, after that, as a rule, they decrease, or the athlete simply gets used to them.
Bodybuilding injuries are one thing, often complex and require a long time to repair damage. Muscle pains are completely different. They pass quickly enough and for the majority are not even a negative factor. For many, they are evidence that the training was successful.
If you are too sensitive to such discomfort, then you can alleviate it with the help of massage, bath or sauna, warm-up / cool down.
This is a common closed damage to tissues and organs. As a rule, the victim is well aware of when and under what circumstances the injury was received, but it also happens that in the heat of training, accidentally catching on something, he only begins to notice pain and discomfort over time. After that, there is a bewilderment, how could I hit it like that if I just stumbled. But the fact remains that even the smallest oversight can lead to tissue bruises. These injuries are not serious (in most cases), but definitely unpleasant, since it will be difficult to deal with full force.
What are the symptoms of bruises? First of all, pain when injured (after it weakens, but is felt when touched), swelling or slight edema, hematoma (not necessary, but serious blows are often accompanied by it).
What is the treatment for bruises? Usually, the victim does not need medical attention. At most, a cold compress may be needed to stop internal bleeding and relieve pain / swelling. If the blow was serious, then it is better to stop the workout, do a massage, apply a compress with a fixing bandage and stay calm. Recovery from such an injury will not be long – on average, it takes 1-3 days.
Joint Dislocation (Luxation)
This is a displacement of the surface of the joint / joints, fraught with pain and decreased performance, up to a complete loss of the opportunity to attend training. If the surfaces of the joints touch only partially, then these are subluxations. They are not so scary and can even be completely invisible, if you do not aggravate the situation.
What are the symptoms of dislocation? These are mainly external symptoms – the damaged joint takes on an unnatural shape, the limb may turn out unusually, sudden movements and touching cause discomfort.
How are sprains treated? First of all, you need to see a doctor, as X-rays may be required to establish an accurate diagnosis. After that, the joint is adjusted and a fixing bandage is applied so that the patient does not do business again.
Do not delay your visit to the hospital if there are signs of a similar injury. In the first couples, it is much easier and not so painful to adjust the joint. If you delay, then the matter may not end with a simple reduction – in severe cases, surgical intervention is required (recovery is long). If your doctor permits, do physical therapy exercises to speed up the recovery process.
Sprains and Torn Ligaments
These injuries often occur due to an increased load on the ligamentous apparatus, joint apparatus and muscles. They can be caused by sudden movements in the joint that exceed its normal amplitude and do not coincide with the permissible radius of movement. Athletes who neglect warm up / cool down are more susceptible to them.
What are the symptoms of sprains and ligament ruptures? The motor capabilities of the damaged part of the body are limited, swelling appears, painful sensations, both when moving and when touching (pain with ruptures is especially strong).
How are sprains and ligament tears treated? An ice pack should be applied immediately after injury. It will be enough 2-3 compresses per day for up to 15 minutes each. Then the damaged part of the body should be fixed (with a bandage).
Almost always, an athlete is able to heal such injuries on his own, however, as in the case of dislocations, an X-ray may be required to establish an accurate diagnosis. The total treatment time, as a rule, does not exceed two weeks. But if the damage was serious, then recovery can take up to a month.
We do not recommend treating ligament ruptures on our own. The help of a specialist is definitely needed here, at least in order to quickly cope with the problem.
This injury may be unfamiliar to you by name, but it is likely that you know it well from its symptoms. In short, this is an inflammation of the mucous bags mainly in the area of the joints (usually these are the joints of the elbows or shoulder joints). A problem arises due to mechanical stress, repeated physical irritation, as a result of inflammation of the tendons, infection or diathesis. Older athletes (from 35 years old) are most susceptible to it, but young guys may also suffer with a predisposition.
What are the symptoms of bursitis? Symptoms are obvious, ranging from limited physical activity to pain when touching and moving.
How is bursitis treated? The treatment is symptomatic – they prescribe thermal procedures, restrict movement with a pressure bandage, exclude heavy physical exertion, that is, you will not be allowed to train. Such damage, as a rule, does not require long-term treatment. It takes an average of 1 to 3 weeks to recover.
The situation can change if there is a chronic disorder. In this case, treatment and recovery takes about a month (possibly more, in accordance with the patient’s condition). Treatment is prescribed only by a doctor.
It is also not the most famous injury, but it is also common. It is an inflammation and degeneration of tendon tissue. In terms of symptoms, the disorder is almost completely similar to tendinosis, however, it is treated in other ways. It can arise due to exhausting physical. loads, mechanical injuries, infections, rheumatic diseases, diseases of the immune system, neuropathy, metabolic disorders.
What are the symptoms of tendinopathy? Injury can be manifested by pain on palpation of the tendon, pain when pulling the tendon, discomfort with other movements associated with the tendons. Reduced motor activity.
How is tendonitis treated? In parallel with symptomatic therapy, treatment of the causes of the disease itself is prescribed. For this, anti-inflammatory drugs are used with the exception of steroid antirheumatic drugs. It is important to remain calm and gradually return to normal physical activity. Massage and physiotherapy exercises can be prescribed. To reduce discomfort, internal and external manifestations of the disease, ice compresses are used. On average, it takes 4 to 6 weeks for a patient to fully recover. The first improvements in well-being with a properly selected therapy are felt within 2-3 days. But this is not a reason to immediately return to your usual loads. If not, just delay the recovery.
These are some of the most serious injuries that can occur in bodybuilding and sports in general. In theory, due to broken limbs, an athlete can completely lose the opportunity to train, not only during the recovery period, but also long after. Such damage can put an end to a career.
How do athletes get fractures? Their reason during training is usually careless handling of equipment (dropped something on the leg or arm, dropped others). Be careful if you do not want to fall out of order for several months.
What are the symptoms of fractures? In most cases, such an injury is accompanied by a specific crunch and severe pain. After that, a violation of the shape of the limb is found, the color of the skin changes due to impaired blood circulation, severe edema occurs, the injured part of the body becomes numb. This is if the fracture is closed. If the damage is open, then no diagnostics is needed. Broken bone is easy to spot, and diagnosis is even easier.
Broken bones are treated for a long time. The procedures themselves depend on which part of the body was damaged (you cannot put plaster on broken ribs). If there is an injury to a limb, then it must be fixed, at the 2 joints closest to the fractured bone, limit mobility, and rush to the hospital / call an ambulance.
Without exaggeration, such an injury can cost an athlete a career and, in addition to the ability to move normally / lead a full life. It is difficult to imagine more serious damage. However, you need to understand that you can injure the spine in different ways, so you shouldn’t panic right away. Wait for the diagnosis.
Spine injuries possible in bodybuilding are categorized as cervical, lumbar, or thoracic injuries. The process of diagnosis and later treatment largely depends on where exactly and what kind of violation is observed. If you notice even primary symptoms (for a long time), then immediately seek help from a specialist. If, during training, a single blow was received (there is a suspicion of a fracture), then you must immediately call an ambulance.
Treatment of spinal injuries includes several stages, up to deep surgical intervention. Treatment can be aimed at eliminating displacement, compression, cracks (and so on), the subsequent restoration of mobility and sensitivity, rehabilitation in order to restore working capacity.
In conclusion, I would like to say that if you suspect you have damage, then you should never self-medicate. First visit the doctor, find out all about the possible causes and consequences, and only then proceed with the procedures. As already noted, when a career is at stake, risk is unacceptable.
If you are aware of the injuries of bodybuilders you have visited, and are already busy recovering, then some pharmaceutical drugs can help with this. In particular, the TB-500 peptide is effective for this, contributing to the fastest recovery of ligaments, joints, muscles and skin, providing an anti-inflammatory effect, and stimulating angiogenesis. This is definitely a good buy for injured athletes.